The population of Prades is on a plateau of about 950 m above sea level in the center of the mountain massif known as Muntanyes de Prades, which is part of the Catalan Pre-littoral Range and is one of the most important mountain accidents in southern Catalonia . Its term has an area of 3,300 ha, which is oriented in a NE-SW direction, and its maximum height is at the Tossal de la Baltasana at a height of 1,203 m, which is a first-class geodesic vertex and the culminating summit of the bulk.
Prairies from prehistory to the end of ancient times
The Prey Mountains have been a populated area since prehistory, as evidenced by the findings of surface flint workshops such as caves and even vestiges of cave paintings called Levantine Art.
In the town of Prades are located outdoor flint workshops in Gritelles and Pla de la Guàrdia among others, which have been linked to neolithic establishments dedicated to agriculture and livestock. Most of these types of archeological sites date between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, largely located in natural shelters existing in the Triassic relief of the mountainous massif.
About a thousand meters from the town center of Prades we find the Cova del Cisterer, in the Bassots ravine. This is one of the most interesting neolithic ensembles in southern Catalonia, where hundreds of pieces of flint and quartzite were found, highlighting double-edged knives, tips, scrapers, butts, percussions, etc., together with fragments of glasses of reducing firing ceramics.
In the Segalassos we find another Neolithic site and in the Hermitage of the Abellera, a place of exceptional beauty, archaeological remains of this prehistoric period were also found, as well as on the cave of the General.
Concerning vestiges of the Late Bronze Age - the First Iron Age, we have found remains of corrugated pottery in the Coll de les Forquetes, associated with a hut floor.
The remains of Iberian and Roman times have their exponents in the departure of the Rossinyols, where Iberian coins of the second century were found together with pieces of mill and some fragments of ceramics of that time. According to oral references collected by I. Planas, the remains of pottery and mosaics from Roman times were discovered in the Plans de Prades.